Illiteracy is non-existent among young people and high proportions of Bahrainis speak proficient or fluent English, a compulsory second language in schools.
Private schools adhere to internationally accepted curricula and overseas universities and colleges accept graduates. Private institutions with excellent academic reputations are: St. Christopher's, Sacred Heart, Ibn Kuldoon, Al Bayan, the Asian, the Indian, the British, the Japanese, the French, Naseem International and the Bahrain School, all offering the senior year exams necessary for acceptance into foreign universities or the University of Bahrain whose origins go back to the late 1960's. Many of the graduates, both Bahraini and foreign, return or remain in Bahrain to call it home. This has added to the creativity, the modernity and the conscientiousness of Bahrain's work force today, not to mention the diversity.